Headaches and sleep have been related for decades. Waking up with Headache is one major sign that you did not get enough sleep. There are several types of headache due to lack of sleep with their own associated symptoms to differentiate them from each other.
- Location and Duration
- Types of Headaches
- Risk factors
- How much should you sleep?
- Home remedies
Location of pain
Duration of pain
Headache due to lack of sleep usually lasts from an hour up to a day.
- Headache in the back, forehead, and top of the head.
- Mild Nausea
- Photophobia and phonophobia
- Low mood
- The pain is throbbing and pulsating in character, ranging from mild to moderate in intensity.
- Several studies indicate that lack of REM (rapid eye movement) sleep causes more painful headaches. The REM is the part of sleep that involves faster breathing, dreaming, and is responsible for mood regulation and memory storing.
- Another reason is the formation of proteins in the body that cause chronic pain due to lack of sleep. These proteins work by lowering the body’s pain threshold thus, sparking intense migraines and headaches.
- When a body is deprived of sleep, it produced certain inflammatory markers that slowly revert when you start getting enough sleep. These stress and inflammatory markers cause Headaches due to lack of Sleep.
Types of Headache due to Lack of Sleep
Cluster Headache due to lack of sleep:
Cluster headache is episodic in nature. Its unique rhythmicity is quite notorious for disturbing sleep as the Headache occurs around the same time every day. Patient experiences several sleepless nights in a row.
Hypnic headache and lack of sleep:
Hypnic Headache exclusively occurs during the night when you’re asleep, waking you up from a good night’s sleep. The headache usually lasts from a few minutes to 6 hours on average.
Migraine due to lack of sleep:
Sleep Deprivation is a well-known trigger for migraines. Along with sleep deprivation patients who suffer from frequent migraine attacks have other sleep disorders such as sleepwalking, night terrors, snoring, etc.
Sleeping disorders and headaches related to it are more common in patients with:
- Age above 60 years
- Chronic Pain Syndrome
- Parkinson’s disease
- Alzheimer’s disease
Complications that may arise due to lack of Sleep
These are certain conditions that may develop as complications of sleep deprivation Headache:
- Chronic daily headaches
- Chronic migraines
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Chronic tension headache
- Psychotic disorders such as epilepsy
- Sleep apnea.
- Restless leg Syndrome.
How much should you sleep?
7 hours of sleep for a healthy adult is mandatory for good health. Anything less than that can have adverse effects. People who did not get enough sleep have shown signs of brain shrinkage and severe memory loss.
- Analgesics: aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen
- Excedrin: For a migraine attack.
- Triptans: For Tension Headache.
- Antiemetics: chlorpromazine, metoclopramide
- Indomethacin: For Cluster Headache.
- Anticonvulsants: Topiramate
- Muscle relaxants: Nuberol Forte.
- Try to fix your sleeping schedule to synchronize with your circadian rhythm.
- Time spend more time outside in daylight as it resets your body timings to nature’s clock.
- Try to avoid watching TV, using a mobile phone or using a laptop a few hours before you go to bed.
- Do proper workout as it regulates melatonin.
- Avoid drinking coffee before bed as it affects the quality of sleep.
Headache due to lack of sleep is caused by decreased threshold to pain that initiates migraines. Several proteins formed as a result of lack of sleep lower the body’s threshold to pain.
Patients with Age above 60 years, Chronic Pain Syndrome, Schizophrenia, Depression, Parkinson’s disease, and Alzheimer’s disease are more at risk.
On an average, seven to nine hours of sleep are necessary.
Chronic daily headaches, Chronic migraines, Chronic tension headache, and Alzheimer’s disease.