There is no certain reason to why you feel pain at a certain place in your head. Different people experience different types and intensities of headaches at different places in their head. Likewise, headache on top of head can mean a lot of things. Keeping in view, the triggers, symptoms and causes, which may suggest what is actually going on inside your head.
There are several types of headaches where you feel pain on top of your head.
- Cluster Headache
- Tension Headache
- Headache due to lack of sleep
- Exercise Headache
- Ice pick Headache
- Post Traumatic Headache
- Hypertension Headache
- Chronic Headaches
Migraine is characterized by severe throbbing pain experienced mostly in half of the head, but can also be felt on top of the head, back of the head, whole head and front of the head.
- Loss of coordination
- Ringing in ears
- Sensitivity to light, noise and smell
- Another feature associated with migraines with auras is flashes of light waves and zigzag, silvery lines seen just before or during migraine attack.
For every individual there are different triggers that lead them to a migraine attack. But some of the triggers as identified by doctors are:
- Change in sleeping pattern
- Irregular dietary habits
- Hormone changes
- Tobacco and other strong odours
- Processed foods
- Aged cheese
Migraine begins when over reactive nerve cells send out signals to trigeminal nerve-a nerve that supply sensation to our head and face, activation of this nerve cause release of certain chemicals which cause blood vessels in the scalp of our brain to swell up, a process called vasodilation, this releases excess neurotransmitters that can cause inflammation and sensation of pain.
Over the counter analgesics can sometimes help a migraine attack. Lying down in a dark room also proves very helpful in managing the symptoms.
Excedrin is a drug that is used for treatment of migraine headaches.
2- Cluster headaches
Cluster headaches are identified by their cyclic pattern of repetition. This may occur almost daily at the same time for a week and sometimes even more than that. The pain is generally located at the forehead, behind the eye, on one side of the head and on top of the head and is most severe for 5 to 10 minutes after it starts lasting upto 2 to 3 hours.
- Sharp pain and pressure in head and behind the eyes
- Watery or swollen eyes
- Nasal congestion and discharge
- Agitated or restless feeling .
Some of the probable causes are
- Sleeping disorders like insomnia
You might also experience cluster headaches if you’ve had a head injury. Talk to your physician in this case and begin treatment as soon as possible.
Subcutaneous injection of Sumatriptan, Inhalation of 100% oxygen is helpful for an acute attack while Lithium therapy under observation and monitoring by a health physician is advised for chronic attacks.
3- Tension Headache
As suggested by the name, a tension headache is triggered due to stress or tension building up in your muscles due to an inappropriate posture or because of anxiety that tenses up the muscles in your neck, shoulders, face, jaw and scalp.
Tension headaches are generally felt as a sense of building pressure in the form of a band around the head which begins usually in the occiput and radiates forward and causes headache on top of head in some cases.
- Dull pain or sensation of growing pressure around the head
- Pain behind eyes.
- Pain in the temples.
- Tenderness over the skull vault and headache on top of head.
- Tenderness at the occiput.
- Mood and sleep disturbance.
- Warm compressions at the back of the neck, hot shower or a simple analgesic can help prevent a tension headache.
- Over the counter painkillers are proven to be an effective treatment.
4- Headache due to Lack of Sleep
Waking up with Headache on top of head, back of head or forehead is one major sign that you did not get enough sleep. There are several types of Headache due to lack of sleep with their own associated symptoms to differentiate them from each other.
- Mild Nausea
- Photophobia and phonophobia
- Low mood
- One reason is the formation of proteins in the body that cause chronic pain due to lack of sleep. These proteins work by lowering the body’s pain threshold thus, sparking intense migraines and headaches.
- Several studies indicate that lack of REM (rapid eye movement) sleep causes more painful headaches.
- Analgesics: aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen
- Excedrin: For a migraine attack.
- Triptans: For Tension Headache.
- Antiemetics: chlorpromazine, metoclopramide
5- Exercise Headache
Exercise Headache triggered by some sort of physical activity, ranging from a swift walk to strenuous exercise, person to person. It is usually felt on both sides of the head but is also felt on one side of Head and top of head.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Neck stiffness.
- Blurred vision.
The muscles of your head, neck, and scalp require more blood to meet its oxygen requirements while you are working out. This leads to vessel dilation in the blood vessels of the head leading towards a Headache.
Primary Headache is usually benign and mostly respond to over the counter analgesics. Indomethacin is the most commonly prescribed drug for an Exercise Headache. This is taken usually 30 mins to an hour before exercise.
6- Ice Pick Headache
Ice pick headache is a sharp, intense pain that lasts for a brief duration. This can generally occur in any part of your head, most commonly around the eyes, temples and on top of head. This can be one of the most painful headaches ever experienced.
The duration is so brief that there is no time for other associated symptoms to show up. However, some of the symptoms include:
- Feels like stabbing with spokes of ice.
- Abrupt onset of a stabbing, throbbing headache.
- Duration lasting only 5 to 10 seconds.
- The pricking occurs several times during the day.
The exact cause is still unknown but some physicians consider this to be associated with disruptions in the control mechanisms of the brain, for a brief duration of time. Ice pick headache occurs in primary and secondary forms.
This occurs without any obvious cause and the headache itself is the cause.
There are some underlying conditions such as multiple sclerosis, Bell’s palsy, Herpes Zoster e.t.c
Melatonin: usually given as a treatment for insomnia and insomnia triggered headaches.
Indomethacin: is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that reduces inflammation and helps relieve the pain.
7- Post Traumatic Headache
People who experience any sort of traumatic injury to their head or neck, very often come up with the complaint of a Headache, known as Post traumatic Headache. The pain location usually varies in individuals depending upon the type and region of injury but is commonly experienced in top of head and back of head.
- Throbbing Headache like migraines
- Concentration Problems
- Decreased Reaction time
- Anterograde Amnesia
There can be a number of causes:
- Imbalance of neurotransmitters
- Swelling of brain structures
- Shrinkage of brain
- Anti-Inflammatories: Aspirin, Acetaminophen.
If the headache persists, your doctor would put you on preventive treatment, i.e.
- Anti-Hypertensives: B-blockers, Calcium channel blockers.
- Anti-Depressants: SSRIs
- Anti-psychotics: Clozapine, Risperidone
8- Hypertension Headaches
There is characteristic pulsating pain on the top of the head due to high blood pressure which gets worse on exerting. Headache on top of head is caused by disturbance to the blood brain barrier due to increased blood pressure causing the leakiness of blood vessels in the brain.
If the blood pressure exceeds 180/120, one can also experience nosebleeds and go into hypertensive crisis which is a medical emergency and may end up in an emergency room. Hypertension headaches require immediate medical attention.
9- Chronic Headaches
If you suffer from a headache 15 or more days a month for at least three months, this classifies as chronic headache and need special medical attention, which includes booking an appointment with your physician as soon as possible cause this may later develop into medicational overuse headache that is caused because of increased use of over the counter analgesics.This is more commonly observed in cluster headache, tension headache, migraine and different types of migraine.
This needs special lifestyle modification including dietry changes , better sleep, hydration and limiting alcohol.
Different people experience different types and intensities of headaches at different places in their head. Likewise, pain at the top of your head can mean a lot of things. Thus, for every person there might be different triggers, symptoms and causes, which may suggest what is actually going on inside your head.
Some people have reported throbbing headaches on the top of head after strenuous exercises like, Biking, weightlifting, running, cardio training and sometimes even sex.Understandable cause for exertional headache is pressure on the blood vessels in the brain when you are exerting. They can start during or after the physical activity and may last anywhere from a few minutes to a day or two.
Headache associated with hypertension is a throbbing, pulsating pain that can aggravate into nosebleeds, If the blood pressure exceeds 180/120. Patient might go into hypertensive crisis which is a medical emergency and may end up in an emergency room. Hypertension headaches require immediate medical attention.
Migraines with auras are a less common type of migraine. There headaches are accompanied by Auras, which come up as warning signs 15 to 20 minutes ( in some cases) a day before migraine and include visual symptoms, phonophobia, photophobia, temporary loss of vision, nausea and change in taste and smell.
This pain is a result of vasodilation and sudden rush of blood from your brain to the roof of your mouth in response to excitation of trigeminal nerve as something cold hits your palate(roof of the mouth) particularly on a hot summer day. This is known as cold stimulus headache.